These Rules were developed with reference to the rules for World Skills Competition. These Rules apply to “Belt and Road” International Skills Competition held in Chongqing Municipality, China in May 2019.
1.1 Competitors. The age of competitors shall be no older than 25 (born after Jan. 1, 1994). Only 1 competitor may be registered for each competition event by each participating country (region).
1.2 Chief referees and referees. A chief referee and 2-3 deputy chief referees are to be set for each of the events. They shall be recommended by the participating teams and determined by the Competition’s organizing committee in a unified way. The referee team for each of the events shall be constituted by way of assignment of 1 person respectively by each of the participating teams in principle.
1.2.1 The chief referee is the technology and management expert of the event, mainly responsible for organizing the compilation of technical files and test questions; interpreting the competition rules, training and reasonably assigning the work among referees; managing the panel of referees for checking the allocation and on-site arrangement of competition facilities and equipment; appointing for any independent competitor (whose appointing country or region fails to assign any referee) 1 on-site communicator (which post mayalso be held by a referee) as an assignee responsible for technical communication with him/her and for ensuring that all the information needed by other competitors is obtained by him/her. During the competition, the chief referee shall lead the referee panel’s refereeing work, and handle the issues emerging in the event on the basis of relevant requirements and procedures; and shall also count, summarize and timely release the competition results. The deputy chief referees are mainly in charge of assisting the chief referee in the management work for their event, including a full-time (Chongqing-based) deputy chief referee in charge of security training to competitors, ensuring that all competitors are familiarized with requisite safety knowledge and safety operation norms before the competition; offering help during the competitionaccordingto the requirements put forward by the competitors, for the purpose of assisting them to successfully complete the competition (as to how to conduct scoring at a scoring point for related competitors, it will be discussed and determined respectively foreach of the events on the basis of a consensus reached before the competition).
1.2.2 The referees shall be experienced in work, competition or refereeing in the field of the event to be under his refereeing, participate in the corresponding technical training before conducting refereeing, and be acquainted with the requirements of the competition rules, the technical files of the event and other official documents of the Competition. The referees shall comply with the work arrangement by the chief referee of the event, and carry out the refereeing work on an honest, objective and fair basis.
1.3 Site managers and technical support staff. 1 site manager and 1-3 technical support staff shall be allocated for each event. The site manager is responsible for organizing the technical support staff and undertaking the supporting work in terms of facilities, equipment, tools, materials, etc. within the competition area of the event, based on the specific event requirements.
1.4 Technical interpreters. The working language of the Competition is English. Each participating team shall allocate 1 registered technical interpreter in the competition area for each of the events, and the organizer shall also arrange 1 event technical interpreter. The registered technical interpreter shall undertake the full-time responsibility for conveying the chief referee's instructions to referees and competitors from thenative country. The event technical interpreter is in charge of offering interpreting service for the event according to the chief referee’s instructions.
1.5 Team leaders. Each of the participating teams shall arrange 1 team leader in charge of organizing the competitors of theparticipating team to participate in the competition as per the relevant requirements. When a competitor in the team has special needs, the team leader may enter the competition area to provide necessary help for the competitor with the chief referee’s permission provided that the normal course of competition is not affected.
2. Preparation and Implementation
2.1 Release of technical documents. Technical documents of each event shall be released respectively to each of the events in the form of e-mail by the Executive Committee no later than 30 days before commencement of the Competition. The technical documents cover the technical descriptions, test questions, judgment criteria (including the scoring criteria and rules for subjective and objective points), the scoring processes, specific safety and health requirements, arrangement and list of facilities and equipment, responsibilities and capability requirements for referee groups, the way in which the results are ranked when total scores are the same under such event, usual foul play for such event and so on.
2.2 Release of competition guidelines. The competition guidelines for each of the events shall consist of the event introduction, competition schedules, competition rules, lists of competitors, referees and team leaders, competition site arrangement diagram, emergency escape routes, the name and contact information of the event’s liaison, etc., which shall be distributed to relevant personnel of each participating team before the competition commences.
2.3 Facilities and equipment for competition sites. The list of equipment, tools andmaterials for each event shall be released together with the technical documents. For each of the events, electronic monitoring equipment shall beprovided on the competition site to achieve around-the-clock and blind-zone-free monitoring and recording.The video data shall be preserved by the corresponding competition area till the end of the competition.
2.3.1 Zoning for the competition site of each event. The competition site is divided into the competition and non-competition zones, for each of which clear identifications shall be set. The competition zone is divided into the competitor operation area, the lounge and communication area, the score recording room, the scoring room, the room for interpreter and technical support personnel to wait for further instructions, etc., among which the operation area is for the competition among competitors and the scoring by referees, the tour of inspection and supervision by the chief referee or deputy chief referees and so on; and the lounge and communication area is for the competitors or referees to take a break, and for the discussion and communication on any event issues among the chief referee and referees and so on. No one else is allowed to enter the competition zone without the permission from the chief referee. The non-competition zone consists of the observing area and display area designed for the on-site audience to pay a visit and experience skills. During the competition, the Executive Committee will provide all kinds of participants with identity cards, which will be taken as the identification of the authorization for all sorts of registered personnelto enter into the competition zone.
2.3.2 Facility and equipment requirements. The facilities and equipment as well as common tools and materials on the competition site shall be provided by the technical support group. On the basis of the actual conditions for each of the events, the lists of the tools and materials to be provided by the competitors themselves and the tools and materials not allowed to be brought to the site are providedin the technical documents for each of the events. The technical support group shall do everything possible to provide the standby equipment and tools in the case that self-prepared equipment and tools are required for an event buta participating team has difficulties preparing such and has applied therefor in advance.
2.3.3 Station setting. According to the situation of registration, if there are less than 10 competitors for each event, the number ofwork stations shall be 10; if there are more than 10 but less than 15 competitors, the number of stations shall be 15; if there are more than 15 but less than 20 competitors, the number of stations shall be 20. If the number of registered competitors is less than the number of stations, the Executive Committee, for the purpose of supplementing the number, will arrange correspondingly supplementing competitors to make up for the deficiency, and on the other hand, supplementing referees will also be arranged to score for supplementing competitors, whose performance nevertheless will not be incorporated in the Competition’s ranking.
2.4. Information Management System of the SkillsCompetition (hereinafter referred to as IMS). The automatic calculationand summary of competition scores are carried out by IMS, through which the scores ranking for each of the competitors and for participating teams of each of the events will be printed. Full-time input personnel will be provided for all events to assist the chief referee or deputy chief referees in the work of score calculationand summary. The IMS for this Competition will be provided bilingually both in Chinese and English.
2.4.1 Scoring system of IMS. To achieve an effective comparison between the skill events, the 100-points system for competition results will be adopted subject to standardization by the Information Management System based on the scoring system of the World Skills Competition. Such step will re-arrange the results of all the competitors in their respective competition events based on the statistical median 700.
2.4.2 Scoring errors and handling. In case that an error is found, the referee from the competitor-appointing country (region) or whoever entrusted by him shall report it to the chief referee. Where such an error is confirmed, it is required to re-enter the scores in the Information Management System andre-print the scoring table, which shall then be turned over to referees involved and the chief referee for their inspection and signing. The original and modification records shall be kept for reviewing purpose.
3.1 Preparation before competition
3.1.1 Technical realignment/disclosure. The chief referees of the events shall conduct final confirmation ofthe preparation work in terms of site equipment, etc. The chief referees and referees of the events shall carry out the final technical realignment 1 day before the competition. During the technical realignment, the chief referee shall, in a fair and impartial way, ascertain the division of work among the referees, and finally confirm the test questions and evaluation criteria.
3.1.2 Tools and materials checking. The chief referees of the events shall, according to the requirements of the technical files of such events, organize the referees and competitors to check the tools and materials, etc. allowed or prohibited to be taken alongby the technical files 1 day before the competition. For each of the events, check-up and registration shall be carried out before the competition each day, and the tools, equipment and materials taken along by the competitors may also be checked during the daily check-up and registration if necessary.
3.1.3 The competitor’s warming up with the site. The Competition’s Executive Committee will designate the chief referees and referees to organize all the competitors to get themselves familiarized with the site and relevant equipment 1 day before the competition, for the purpose of ensuring that each of the competitors has the equipment, materials and tools as well as sufficient time all equivalent to thosepossessed by others to carry out the adaptative operation. For independent competitors, the chief referee shall designate a referee to conduct pre-competition communication and security training. For competitors other than those from the member countries (regions) of World Skills Competition, security training shall be provided by the designated (Chongqing-based) full-time deputy chief referee.
3.2 Event evaluation. The refereeing and result evaluation work shall be carried out by the panel of referees under the leadership of the chief referee according to the principles of fairness and justice. In general, the chief referee and deputy chief referees will not participate in scoring, butin particular cases, they may also participate in the scoring for competitors from thenative country (region).
3.2.1 The referees carries out the evaluation as per the evaluation criteria and relevant technical requirements, based on the division of work. Only one scoring person is allowed for each of the events per participating team.
3.2.2 The chief referee shall organize the refereeing and supervise the score typists to input into IMS as well as lock the evaluation results by day (or module).
3.2.3 Following the completion of all stages (modules) of the Competition, the chief referee shall review the total scores and submit the competitors’ results to the referee from the appointing country (region) for the latter’s final signing and confirmation.
3.2.4 For any event in which the competitors’ personal information requires no encryption, and the referees shall not evaluate the competitors from his own country (region) following the principle for challenge. For the event of which the workpieces (results) need to be tested, the chief referee shall arrange at least 2 referees from different participating teams to carry outsupervision and testing.
3.3 Outcoming and release of results. In case that the event results, as reviewed by the panel of referees, turn out to be standing without demur, the chief referee (or all the members of the panel of referees) shall sign on the result table, before announcement of the competition results and the prize-giving are conducted during the closing ceremony of the Competition.
4. Scoring: Measurement and Evaluation
Measurement, as applying to circumstances featuring no uncertainty, is used to assess the degree of accuracy and precision, wherein the performance may and must be measured in a stable manner.
Evaluation is used to measure the quality of performance, applicable to situations where minor differences in opinions exist and reference to external criteria is allowed.
Both measurement and evaluation require the use of evaluation and scoring reference standards determined by way of best industrial and corporate practices. The requirement for granting any scores to the tested item is satisfaction of the lowest acceptable industrialcriteria.
4.1 Scope of scores
One scoring scheme will be developed for each of the events, with a maximal mark of 100 points.
4.2 Rounding of points
The points for each of the scoring items shall be accurate to three decimal places, and the fourth decimal place shall be rounded off (for instance, 1.0555 is rounded off to 1.056, and 1.0554 is rounded off to 1.055).
4.3 Evaluation Scoring
Each subjective scoring item shall be scored by a group of three referees at the same time (and there are 4 kinds of scores, namely 0, 1, 2 and 3), and the average of the scores givenby such three persons shall be taken as the score of such item. If there is a difference of two or more points among the scores givenby the three referees respectively, it shall then be discussed by such group of referees, to have the scoring difference revised to no more than two points before the score for the item is calculated.
4.4 Group-based common scoring
Each of the scoring groups shall consist of the referees from the participating teams.
4.4.1 For the evaluation-based scoring (subjective scoring), the principle of challenge shallbe adopted to avoid a referee’sscoringfor the competitors from his own country (region).
4.4.2 It is prohibited to carry out appraisal and scoring while competitors are present, unless under the circumstance as specified in the technical descriptions.
5. Treatment of Issues and Disputes
A Supervision and Arbitration Group shall be set upaccording to the procedure as specified by these Technical Rules to accept and conduct arbitration on the complaints from all the participating delegations, carry outdisposal of behaviors violating the principles of fairness and justice, and record the results of violation treatment and arbitration, etc.
5.1An “issue” is the topic or issue relevant tothe competition techniques of specific events which requires discussion or communication. All the “issues” shall be handled and solved through the negotiation among the chief referee, the deputy chief referees and referees in relation to such event within the scope of the event.
5.2 Issue handling process. The competitor from a participating team involved shall report the case to the chief referee ordeputy chief referee through the referee from his own country (region), and then the deputy chief referees together with all the referees of the event and under the guidance from the chief referee shall carry outnegotiation to solve it.
5.3 A “dispute” means the objection or dispute resulting from the escalation of an unsolved issue and exceeding the scope of the handling capacity of the chief referee, the deputy chief referees and the event’s referees.
5.4 Dispute handling procedures. The competitor from a participating team involved shall report via his team leader, and the leader of the participating team shall require the Supervision and Arbitration Group tosettle the dispute. The Supervision and Arbitration Group shall make the final ruling as per the relevant provisions of the competition rules.
5.5A “complaint” means that the leader of each of the participating teamsmaylodge a complaint to the Supervision and Arbitration Group, in case of his discoveryof any violation of competition morality or unfairness, etc. during the competition.
5.6 Complaint handling procedures. The leader of the participating team involvedmaydirectly lodge a complaint to the Supervision and Arbitration Group, which shallmake the final ruling as per the corresponding requirements.
5.7 Effective period of complaints. A complaint shall be limited to only the incident from which it is caused. The complaint shall be put forward during the competition or within one hour following the termination of the competition. If a complaint is put forward during the competition, the Supervision and Arbitration Group must handle it by convening a meeting within two hours from the time when the complaint is registered (9:00-18:00 of each day); and if it is put forward within 1 hour after the competition is over, it shallbe handled by the Supervision and Arbitration Group, and the resolution for which shallbe made within 1 hour after the meeting is over.
6. Violation Handling
6.1 In case that a competitor has committed foul behavior during the competition, the chief referee may determine the nature and degree of the violation based on the technical files and by negotiating with all the referees, as the case may be, then adopt the corresponding punitive measures (from warning andscore deduction to disqualification from the competition), and submit the treatment result to the Supervision and Arbitration Group.
6.2 In case that a chief referee, deputy chief referee or referee has committed violative behavior during the competition, the Supervision and Arbitration Group shall analyze and determine the nature and degree of the violation and adopt the corresponding punitive measures (from warning andremoval from the scoring staff to disqualification from the refereeing). The deputy chief referee will act in the capacity of the chief referee, once the chief referee is removed from his post.
6.3Violations include the following:
6.3.1 The competitortakesinto the competition site tools and materials, etc. which are prohibited to be brought into the competition site and commitsother similar violative behaviors.
6.3.2 The refereemakesa suggestive movement or givesan oral tip therefor and commitsother similar violative behaviors during the competition.
6.3.3 The leader of the participating teamdisturbsthe competition order, practices cheating and commitsother similar violative behaviors.
6.3.4 Other violative behaviors as verified by the Supervision and Arbitration Group.
7. Medals and Prize Awarding
7.1 Gold, silver and bronze medals
For all the skills competition events, the competitors ranking first, second and third shall be awarded with the gold, silver and bronzemedals respectively, the competitors who have reached or exceeded 700 points but are not awarded with a medal maybe granted with an excellence award, and all other competitors will be granted with a participation certificate.
7.2 No tying of medals
For each of the skills competition events,if two or more competitors’ total scores are the same, the chief referee will decide the ranking (see the specific technical files for each of the events) for the competitors based on the characteristics of the event and grant the medals as per such ranking.